Bangladesh A Tapestry of Culture, History, and Languages

Bangladesh: Facts and History

Bangladesh is often connected with flooding, twisters, and starvation, and the low-lying nation is among the most powerless against the danger of rising ocean levels because of an unnatural weather change. Be that as it may, this thickly populated country on the Ganges/Brahmaputra/Meghna Delta is a trailblazer in the development and is rapidly pulling its kin up out of neediness.

Albeit the cutting edge province of Bangladesh acquired autonomy from Pakistan just in 1971, the social foundations of the Bengali public run profound into the past.


Dhaka, population 20,3 million (2019 gauge, CIA World Factbook)

Major Cities

  • Chittagong, 4.9 million

  • Khulna, 963.000

  • Rajshahi, 893,000

Bangladesh’s Government

Individuals’ Republic of Bangladesh is a parliamentary vote based system, with the president as head of state and top state leader as head of government. The president is chosen for a five-year term and may serve two terms all out. All residents more than 18 years old can cast a ballot.

The unicameral parliament is known as the Jatiya Sangsad; its 300 individuals additionally serve five-year terms. The president officially selects the state leader, however the person in question should be the delegate of the larger part alliance in parliament. The ongoing president is Abdul Hamid. Bangladesh’s state leader is Sheik Hasina.

Population of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is home to around 159,000,000 individuals, giving this Iowa-sized country the eighth most noteworthy population on the planet. Bangladesh moans under a population thickness of around 3,300 for each square mile.

Population development has eased back decisively, notwithstanding, because of a richness rate that has tumbled from 6.33 live births per grown-up lady in 1975 to 2.15 in 2018, which is substitution rate ripeness. Bangladesh likewise is encountering net out-relocation.

Ethnic Bengalis make up 98% of the population. The excess 2% is split between little ancestral gatherings along the Burmese line and Bihari foreigners.


The official language of Bangladesh is Bangla, otherwise called Bengali. English additionally is normally utilized in metropolitan regions. Bangla is an Indo-Aryan language slid from Sanskrit. It has a novel content, likewise founded on Sanskrit.

A few non-Bengali Muslims in Bangladesh communicate in Urdu as their essential tongue. Education rates in Bangladesh are working on as the destitution rate falls, yet at the same time, just 76% of men and 70 percent of ladies are proficient, starting around 2017. Those matured 15-24, however, have a proficiency pace of 92%, as indicated by UNESCO.

Religion in Bangladesh

The overwhelming religion in Bangladesh is Islam, with 89% of the population sticking to that confidence. Among Bangladeshi Muslims, 92% are Sunni, and 2 percent Shi’a; just a small portion of 1% are Ahmadiyyas. (Some didn’t determine.)

Hindus are the biggest minority religion in Bangladesh, at 10% of the population. There are likewise little minorities (under 1%) of Christians, Buddhists, and animists.


Bangladesh is honored with profound, rich, and prolific soil, a gift from the three significant streams that structure the deltaic plain whereupon it sits. The Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna Streams all wend their direction down from the Himalayas, conveying supplements to recharge Bangladesh’s fields.

This extravagance comes at a weighty expense, in any case. Bangladesh is predominantly level, and aside from certain slopes along the Burmese boundary, it on the whole adrift level. Accordingly, the nation is routinely overwhelmed by the waterways, by typhoons off the Cove of Bengal, and by sea swells.

Bangladesh is lined by India surrounding it, with the exception of a short boundary with Burma (Myanmar) in the southeast.

Climate of Bangladesh

The environment in Bangladesh is tropical and monsoonal. In the dry season, from October to Spring, temperatures are gentle and lovely. The weather conditions diverts warm and damp from Spring to June, anticipating the storm downpours. From June to October, the skies open and drop a large portion of the nation’s all out yearly precipitation, as much as 224 inches each year (6,950 mm).

As referenced, Bangladesh often experiences flooding and typhoon strikes — a normal of 16 twisters hit each 10 years. In 1998, flooding struck because of an uncommon liquefy off of Himalayan ice sheets, covering 66% of Bangladesh with floodwater, and in 2017, many towns were lowered, and a huge number of individuals were dislodged by two months of rainstorm flooding.


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